Types of Dermal Fillers: A Comprehensive Guide

Dermal fillers are a popular choice for those looking to reduce the signs of aging, minimize skin depressions and scars, and treat fine lines and wrinkles or deep creases on facial skin. There are many types of dermal fillers available, each with its own unique properties and benefits. In this article, we'll explore the different types of dermal fillers and discuss which one may be best for you. Hyaluronic acid dermal fillers are the most common type of filler used for wrinkles. This natural component of the skin's connective tissue is injected into the skin to restore a more youthful appearance by filling in wrinkles and creases.

Research has shown that repeated injections can stimulate the body to produce its own collagen, resulting in greater firmness and support. The duration of these refills varies depending on the product and can range from several months to more than one or two years. Calcium hydroxyapatite is another type of dermal filler that is produced biosynthetically, meaning that no animals or animal products are used. This reduces the risk of an allergic reaction and no skin tests are required. This type of dermal filler is known to produce a very natural result, it does not migrate and side effects are rare.

Calcium hydroxyapatite is also a natural substance that is present in our bones. It is a mineral-like compound, making it thicker than hyaluronic acid fillers and also the heaviest of all dermal fillers. The only FDA-approved calcium hydroxyapatite dermal filler is Radiesse. Radiesse produces results that last a year or longer in many patients. Polylactic acid is a synthetic dermal filler that is injected into the face and causes the body to produce collagen.

This type of dermal filler is known as a stimulator. This biodegradable, non-toxic substance has been used for more than 40 years as a suture material. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is a biocompatible synthetic substance that has been used for much of the past century in permanent surgical implants. When used as a dermal filler, PMMA takes the form of a “microsphere” or small ball that stays under the skin for continuous support. Polyalkylimide has very little reaction with human tissue, which means that it is biocompatible and no allergy testing is required.

It's radiolucent, meaning it won't interfere with X-rays. PMMA fillers also contain collagen to provide additional structure and firmness. Some of the FDA-approved dermal fillers on the market include Radiesse, Hylaform, Esthélis, Captique, Aquamid, Sculptra, Juvéderm and more. Depending on what you want to treat, whether it's rabbit lines, forehead wrinkles, crow's feet or puppet lines, certain dermal fillers are more suitable than others. Most dermal fillers are composed of hyaluronic acid, which is a natural component that helps the structure, hydration and tone of the skin. Injectable dermal fillers can plump thin lips, enhance shallow contours, smooth facial creases, eliminate wrinkles, and improve the appearance of scars.

While this type of dermal filler is considered semi-permanent, you may still need occasional touch-ups. Some people choose to wear dermal fillers to restore volume to the face after taking these medications. Your healthcare provider will recommend a specific type of fillers or fillers and discuss possible side effects and recovery time. People choose dermal fillers to improve their facial features or achieve a more youthful appearance. Because a fat grafting procedure requires an extra step, the process is more complicated than receiving ready-to-use dermal fillers.

Talk to your healthcare provider about the risks and benefits, as well as the best type of dermal fillers for you. Jessica Krant is highly trained and experienced to help you make the best decision when it comes to deciding which dermal filler is right for you. With her expertise in facial cosmetic surgery, she can help you determine which type of filler will best meet your needs.